Not many people are aware that plastic surgery has been around since 2000 BC. What started as a crude reconstructive surgery only has turned out to be one of the most sought after medical specialty. Today, plastic surgery is divided into two branches – cosmetic plastic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery. The type of plastic surgery performed can also be classified based on the body part involved. One of the popular body parts that usually undergoes surgery is the face, particularly the lips.

Facial plastic surgery involving the lips has helped many people to recover from certain insecurities that they might have been born with, or might have gotten from some accident. It is a huge decision to make, and should be only be done with careful research.

There are many reasons why people consider having a lip plastic surgery – lips too big, damaged in a fight, not defined enough, wrinkles already forming on the corners; but most of them boils down to the need to feel more confident about how one looks. However, facial plastic surgery for the lips is not for everyone. If you are considering one but have been suffering from cold sores, lupus, diabetes, or have blood clotting problems, you might want to delay or altogether skip lip augmentation.

With today's sophisticated equipment and technological advances, people have a plethora of choices before them when it comes to lip enhancement. There are many ways by which one can undergo a lip enhancement – injections, and implants and surgery. Implants and surgery is an outpatient procedure that would usually take at least two hours. It offers a more permanent solution as opposed to the temporary one provided by injection. Options for implants and surgery include the use of Alloderm, Fat Grafting, the use of Goretex, SoftForm and soft ePTFE, and local flap grafts.

Alloderm makes use of collagen harvested from deceased individuals. They are inserted into your lips and can last for up to 12 months. Fat grafting, on the other hand, makes use of your own fat without the risk of allergic reaction. Goretex, SoftForm and soft ePTFE are all synthetic materials. Because of their nature, there is a higher risk for an allergic reaction. Local flap graft is usually the last resort any surgeon would take because of its invasive nature. It makes use of the tissue found on the inside flap of your mouth.

Injection can easily be done by a cosmetologist in a matter of minutes. Your doctor can choose from a number of materials to make your lip plumper. Some of the popular choices include Autologen, Collagen and Dermalogen.

Autologen is the latest when it comes to collagen injection. It is best suited for people who are not yet decided whether they would have a permanent lip augmentation. The upside to this is that, since the collagen extracts would be from your own body, there is no risk of an infection. Just like Autologen, Dermalogen comes from the human body. The main difference lies in the fact that Dermalogen is harvested from a deceased person. There is very minimal chance for rejection. Collagen, on the other hand, refers to extract from cow connective tissue. Since it is not from your own body, there is a higher risk for an allergic reaction. The effect is also not permanent as it would last for only four weeks to three months.